## Math Assignment Class XII Ch - 04

**DETERMINANTS**

**Extra questions of chapter 04 Determinants class XII with answers and hints to the difficult questions, strictly according to the CBSE syllabus. Important and useful math. assignment for the students of class XII**

**Strictly according to the CBSE Board**

**Question 1**

Find the value of k for which matrix A is a singular matrix

Ans: åœŸ 4

Question 2

If A is a square matrix of order 3 and |A| = - 4, then find the value of |adj A|

Ans: 16

Question 3

,

and |A^{3}| = 27, then find the value of Î±

Ans: åœŸ√7

Question 4

** , then find the value of x**

Ans : x = 9

Question 5

** **

then verify that |AB| = |A||B|

Solution Hint: |AB| = 77 and |A||B| = 7 x 11 = 77

Question 6

Evaluate:

**Ans: a**^{2}
+ b^{2} + c^{2} + d^{2}

**Question 7**

Ans: 0

Question 8

For what value of x, the matrix A is singular

Solution Hint:**A matrix is said to be singular if |A| = 0**

Question 9

Find the area of triangle with vertices A(5, 4), B(-2, 4), C(2, -6)

Ans: 35 sq unit

Question 10

Using determinants show that the points (2, 3), (-1, -2) and (5, 8) are collinear

Solution Hint:

Find area of triangle by taking above given points as vertices.

If area of triangle = 0 then points are collinear.

Question 11

Using determinants find the value of k so that the points (k, 2 - 2k), (- k + 1, 2k), and (- 4 - k, 6 - 2k) may be collinear

Ans: k = -1, 1/2

Question 12

Using determinants, find the equation of line joining the points (3,1), and (9,3)

Ans: x - 3y = 0

Question 13

Find the value of k, if area of triangle is 4 square units whose vertices are (-2,0), (0,4), and (0, k)

Ans: K = 0, 8

Question 14

Find the value of |AB| if matrices A and B are given below

and

Ans: 0

Question 15

Find the value of x if matrix A is a singular matrix

Ans: x = - 4

Question 16

Find the product :

**Hence solve the following system of equations**

x - y = 3, 2x + 3y + 4z = 17, y + 2z = 7

Ans: x = 2, y = -1, z = 4

Solution Hint

Let given matrices are A and C

**Now find the product AC we get**

Now given system of equations can be written as

AX = B ⇒ X = A^{-1}B**⇒ x = 2, y = -1, z = 4 is the required solution **

**Question 17**

Find A^{-1 }and hence solve following system of equations

3x - 4y + 2z = -1, 2x + 3y + 5z = 7, x + z = 2

Answer: x = 3, y = 2, z = -1

Solution Hint:

Find |A| we find |A| = -9 ⇒ A is invertible

Find cofactors of A and then find Adj. A we get

Find A^{-1 }we get

Given system of equations can be written as AX = B

⇒ X= A^{-1}B

⇒ x = 3, y = 2, z = -1

Question 18

Find A^{-1}. Use A-1 to solve the system of equations.

2x – 3y + 5z = 11, 3x + 2y – 4z = - 5, x + y - 2z = - 3

Ans: x = 1, y = 2, z = 3

Solution Hint

Find the |A| we get |A| = -1

Find adjoint of A

Solve: X = A^{-1}B we get x = 1, y = 2, z = 3

Question 19

Show that the matrix A satisfies the equation A^{2 } - 4A - 5I = O and hence find A^{-1}

Ans:

Question 20

Find the matrix X for which

Answer

Question 21

**Ans: Find ****B**^{-1}** **

**Question 22**

**Solve the following system of equations**

**x + y + z = 3, 2x - y + z = -1, 2x + y - 3z = -9**

**Ans: x = -8/7, y=10/7, z = 19/7**

**Question 23**

**Solve the following system of equations**

** **** where x, y, z ≠ 0****Ans: x = 2, y = 3, z = 5**

**Question 24**

**If A =, B = and X be a matrix such that A = BX, then find X **

**Answer: **

**Question 25**** ,**

**Use it to solve the following system of equations**

**x - 2y = 10, 2x - y - z = 8, - 2y + z = 7**

**Solution Hint**** **

**x = 0, y = -5, z = -3**

**Question 26**

A scholarship is a sum of money provided to a student to help him or her pay for education. Some students are granted scholarships based on their academic achievements, while others are rewarded based on their financial needs. Every year a school offers scholarships to girl children and meritorious achievers based on certain criteria. In the session 2023 – 24, the school offered monthly scholarship of ₹ 3,000 each to some girl students and ₹ 4,000 each to meritorious achievers in academics as well as sports. In all, 50 students were given the scholarships and monthly expenditure incurred by the school on scholarships was ₹ 1,80,000.

Based on the above information, answer the following questions :

i) Express the given information algebraically using matrices.

ii) Check whether the system of matrix equations so obtained is consistent or not.

iii) (a) Find the number of scholarships of each kind given by the school, using matrices.

OR

iii) (b) Had the amount of scholarship given to each girl child and meritorious student been interchanged, what would be the monthly expenditure incurred by the school ?

Answer (i)

Let No. of girl child scholarships = x

No. of meritorious achievers = y

x + y = 50

3000x + 4000y = 180000 ⇒ 3x + 4y = 180

Answer (ii)

Therefore the system of equations are consistent

Answer (iii) a

X = A^{-1}B

⇒ x = 20, y = 30

Answer (iii) b

Required expenditure = ₹ [30(3000) + 20(4000)] = ₹ 1,70,000

Thanks

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